Biofuels

First generation ethanol

Second generation ethanol

Biodiesel

Biofuels

First generation ethanol

Second generation ethanol

Biodiesel

Enzyme recycling is the key to cost reduction

The increasing concern for global warming and depletion of resources is the driving force behind the development of biofuels. By using natural resources, CO2 production is largely compensated for. Using waste streams, for instance from agricultrual, industrial or municipal sources is both more challenging and promising.

In many biofuel production processes, enzymes are used or can easily be implemented. Nowadays, these enzymes are used as single use soluble enzymes and discarded long before they are exhausted.

Our focus is on cost reduction of the enzyme usage by smart enzyme immobilization, separation and re-use.

First Generation Ethanol

An average size starch based bio-ethanol plant spends well over a million on amylases. Recycling these enzymes will reduce these costs significantly. This is our focus.

Second Generation Ethanol

Although the enzyme costs per liter ethanol have come down significantly, it still is a major factor. Now, real further cost reductions need a disruptive technology. Like our mCLEAs.

Biodiesel

Full enzymatic biodiesel processes are still rare. We see more of a role in the polishing of excess free fatty acids using immobilized lipases, as a ferromagnetic CLEA.